Today there is much talk concerning ‘collateral damage’; ‘innocent civilians’; and other Geneva Convention restrictions on winning wars, and so on and on they go with no resolution in sight, endless pain for want of inflicting sufficient pain to achieve victory. It wasn’t always so.

Rick Atkinson BooksWorld War II was a war for survival. There was little room for philosophical musings. For America and her allies it was ‘Kill, or be killed,’ pure and simple. And so the carpet bombing of cities was mandated by hard, cold, amoral necessity, and… “On and on it went, high explosive and incendiaries falling nearly every night and every day by the thousands of tons, week after week, month upon month. Deranged mothers, unwilling to abandon their dead children when evacuating Hamburg, carried away the roasted or asphyxiated corpses in cardboard boxes.”  ─ The Guns at Last Light, The War in Western Europe, 1944-1945, Copyright © 2013 by Rick Atkinson, Page 360.

In the end, Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and Imperial Japan were defeated. There was no other way, and in this there is a lesson to be learned, but I fear each generation must learn it the hard way, especially in a nation that fails to understand itself through the study and appreciation of history…

About Michael

Retired military officer; retired Air Force civil servant; retired executive, DS Information Systems Corporation; writer; researcher; reader and avid yachtsman.
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